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Philippines Politics



Type:

Republic


Independence:

12 June 1898 (independence proclaimed from Spain); 4 July 1946 (from the US)

Constitution:

February 11, 1987.

National Holidays:

Independence Day, 12 June (1898); note - 12 June 1898 was date of declaration of independence from Spain; 4 July 1946 was date of independence from US

Branches:

Executive--president and vice president. Legislative--bicameral legislature. Judicial--independent.

Administrative subdivisions:

16 regions and Metro Manila (National Capital Region), 80 provinces, 122 cities.

Political Parties:

Liberal Party, Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats/KAMPI, Nacionalista, Nationalist People's Coalition, Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino, Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, Aksiyon Demokratiko, Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan, and other small parties.

Chief of state:

President Benigno AQUINO (since 30 June 2010); Vice President Jejomar BINAY (since 30 June 2010); note - president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Benigno AQUINO (since 30 June 2010)

Cabinet:

Cabinet appointed by the president with consent of Commission of Appointments

Elections:

President and vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for a single six-year term; election held on 10 May 2010; Benigno AQUINO declared winner and took office on 30 June 2010; next election to be held in May 2016election results: Benigno AQUINO elected president; percent of vote - Benigno AQUINO 42.1%, Joseph ESTRADA 26.3%, seven others 31.6%; Jejomar BINAY elected vice president; percent of vote Jejomar BINAY 41.6%, Manuel ROXAS 39.6%, six others 18.8%

Suffrage:

Is universal, but not compulsory, at age 18.



Philippines' Flag: The flag of the Republic of the Philippines was adopted on May 19, 1898
Philippines' Flag: The flag of the Republic of the Philippines was adopted on May 19, 1898

Description of the Philippines Flag:


Two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red; a white equilateral triangle is based on the hoist side; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun with eight primary rays; each corner of the triangle contains a small, yellow, five-pointed star; blue stands for peace and justice, red symbolizes courage, the white equal-sided triangle represents equality; the rays recall the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain, while the stars represent the three major geographical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897. Note: in wartime the flag is flown upside down with the red band at the top.


National Anthem:


"Lupang Hinirang" (Chosen Land)
Lyrics/music: Jose PALMA (revised by Felipe PADILLA de Leon)/Julian FELIPEnote: music adopted 1898, original Spanish lyrics adopted 1899, Filipino (Tagalog) lyrics adopted 1956; although the original lyrics were written in Spanish, later English and Filipino versions were created; today, only the Filipino version is used.

Quiz:


Quiz yourself to see what you remember!


1. Who is the President?
a) Jejomar BINAY
b) Joseph ESTRADA
c) Manuel ROXAS
d) Benigno AQUINO


2. What do the stars represent on the Philippine flag?
a) the three major geographical divisions of the country
b) independence
c) peace and justice
d) he first eight provinces


3. What is the national anthem called?
a) Independence
b) Chosen Land
c) Courageous Land
d) Justice for all



*Highlight the row below the numbers to check your answers

1.
d
2.
a
3.
b


References:


All About Philippines. (n.d.). ENCHANTED LEARNING . Retrieved April 29, 2011, from
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/asia/philippines/flag/Flagbig.GIF

Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. (2010, October 29). Philippines. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved April 29, 2011, from The World Factbook. (n.d.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2794.htm

sacredflame8. (2007, May 15). The Philippine National Anthem . YouTube . Retrieved April 26, 2011,
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NH3D06UETI8&feature=related

The World Factbook. (n.d.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html

World Leaders. (n.d.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/world-leaders-1/index.html



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